Common Eye Conditions

Listed below are some signs and symptoms of common eye conditions that you may experience. This information is generalized; Johnson Optometric does not recommend self-treating. If you have any of the symptoms below, you should make an appointment with your eye doctor.

Itchy and watery eyes – This is usually suggestive of eye allergies, particularly during certain seasons. Our doctors can recommend the most appropriate treatment for your condition.

Burning, watery and gritty eyes – These are common symptoms of dry eye. There are numerous treatments for dry eye, ranging from artificial tears to prescription topical and oral medications. In severe cases surgical treatments may be necessary.


Eye infections (conjunctivitis) – These are characterized by red, painful eyes that produce discharge. If you are a contact-lens wearer, discontinue wearing your contacts until several days after the symptoms are gone. These infections usually require prescription eye drops or oral antibiotics and are best treated by your eye doctor. Please contact our eye care office so you can be evaluated for treatment.

Blood-filled eye – At times the small blood vessels in our conjunctiva will rupture, causing a very red-looking eye that may not even hurt. This is called a sub-conjunctival hemorrhage, and can be caused by underlying problems or can be random. We recommend coming in for an evaluation to determine the cause and to make sure that everything is fine with the eye.

Moderate to severe light sensitivity – This is a sign that there is inflammation inside your eye, whether from a corneal infection or from an internal eye problem. You should call us to discuss your symptoms.

Sudden blurred vision – Whether in one or both eyes, sudden blurring of vision is usually serious and warrants an immediate visit with one of our eye doctors. A corneal, retinal or neurological issue may be the cause.

Floaters – Many people have floaters, which are sometimes described as “gnats” floating around in your vision. While common, they can be a sign of a serious eye problem, especially if there is a sudden onset of new floaters. Give us a call so we can determine if you need to be evaluated.

Flashes of light – These are more serious and usually indicate some sort of retinal issue, perhaps a retinal tear, hole or detachment. If you are seeing flashes of light, the problem is urgent and your eyes should be examined as soon as possible.

Headaches – If you are getting persistent headaches in the front of your forehead, it could be a sign that you are experiencing eyestrain or that your eyes are having difficulty focusing. If these headaches occur frequently, we should check your prescription and your eye health.